The genesis of religious thought in childhood – II. A Psychoanalytic perspective

Paulo L. R. Sousa, Flávio M. Oliveira, Cristina L. Horta, Fernanda R. Sousa, Amélia S. Torres, Elisandra C. Pinheiro

Resumo


Freud grounds the origins of religion in the essential fact thatevery child loves and admires his/her father, who seems to him the most omnipotent being. These childhood illusions are the bases for constructing the perennial roots of God mental representations in the human being. He declared religion as an obsessional neurosis, whose symptoms characterized by disturbed repetitions are attempts to ward off guilty feelings. Diverging from Freud’s driving model for the study of the genesis of religion, Rizzuto (1979) used the object relations model for her approach to religious phenomena, concluding that the construction of the sense of self is an outcome of a dialectical interaction with a God representation. This author understands God as a transitional representation, in Winnicottian terms, that can be recreated in each developmental crisis. For her, humankind is inherently religious, being religion a natural aspect of human development. God representation has the psychic function of self-integration and Ego cohesion, and religiosity starting in childhood can be a sign of health as a sign of pathology.

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